A&D an abbreviation for architecture and design
Abrasion Test (a-braz’-jian) various tests materials/fabrics go through to determine the effects of wear and tear.
Absolute humidity ab-so-lute’ hew-mid’-i-tee This is a determination made during the planning for construction of the effects such as condensation that could take place in the finished structure. The calculation is made with the formula: Divide the mass of water vapor by the volume of dry air at a certain temperature. The warmer the air, the more water can be absorbed. From there you can regulate and control the water vapor or condensation in a building.
Acanthus a-can’ thuss – A Mediterranean plant’s leaf that has been a classical motif for thousands of years. It is seen in relief carvings in architecture as well as used in weavings and other forms of art.
Accessories ak-sess’-or-ees – Objects used throughout a room to offer contrast, texture or color in an attractive way to keep the eye moving and create rhythm. It can also refer to additions to cabinetry such as overlays and moldings to add to or enhance the quality or appearance of a piece.
Acclimation The adjustment to changes in the climate or environment. Some materials may need time to acclimate before they are positioned in a kitchen or bath. Imported wood furniture may need time to adjust for humidity changes to prevent cracking in drier climates.
Accordion fold A zig zag folding of fabric especially in draperies.
Accreditation Certification by a recognized body of the standards of a profession to provide the high standards of a service or operation needed. For example, NKBA has accredited colleges teaching to NKBA standards.
Acetate: A fiber spun from cellulose, from the cell walls of many plants. It is usually combined with other fibers to add a feel and appearance of formal wear. Acetate fabric is fast drying and wrinkle and shrink resistance.
Acknowledgments – Once a designer sends a supplier the work and supplies necessary for a job being proposed, the supplier sends back an acknowledgement as to how he interprets what the designer needs.