The Lexicon

A&D    an abbreviation for architecture and design

Abacus  (a-bak’-us ) a component of the classical column or order.  It is the uppermost section part of the column’s capital section and is generally seen as a slab

Abode (a-bode’) a living quarters or residence

Abrasion Test (a-braz’-jian) various tests materials/fabrics go through to determine the effects of wear and tear.

Abrasion Wear the determination of the effects of a fabric/material being rubbed or abraded or bent or flexed as with folding.  The results are typically seen as pilling or permanent lines of creases

Absolute humidity ab-so-lute’  hew-mid’-i-tee  This is a determination made during the planning for construction of the effects such as condensation that could take place in the finished structure.  The calculation is made with the formula:  Divide the mass of water vapor by the volume of dry air at a certain temperature. The warmer the air, the more water can be absorbed.  From there you can regulate and control the water vapor or condensation in a building.

Abstract Art ab’-strakt art – an art form that uses representations of the lines, colors or form of what would exist in reality.

Acanthus a-can’ thuss – A Mediterranean plant’s leaf that has been a classical motif for thousands of years.  It is seen in relief carvings in architecture as well as used in weavings and other forms of art.

Accent colors ak’-sent col-ers – Colors placed strategically throughout a room that create contrast and rhythm, focusing then moving the eye around its entirety to achieve a pleasant result

Accent Lighting  ak’-sent  lite-ing –  Lighting that is arranged to accent specific art, furniture, architectural features or accents in a room.

Accessibility design ac-sess-a-bil’-i-tee –  Design with a focus on requirements for interiors and exterior accesses for people with disabilities.  See also Universal Design.

Accessories ak-sess’-or-ees – Objects used throughout a room to offer contrast, texture or color in an attractive way to keep the eye moving and create rhythm.  It can also refer to additions to cabinetry such as overlays and moldings to add to or enhance the quality or appearance of a piece.

The adjustment to changes in the climate or environment. Some materials may need time to acclimate before they are positioned in a kitchen or bath.  Imported wood furniture may need time to adjust for humidity changes to prevent cracking in drier climates.

Accordion fold  A zig zag folding of fabric especially in draperies.

Certification by a recognized body of the standards of a profession to provide the high standards of a service or operation needed. For example, NKBA has accredited colleges teaching to NKBA standards.

Acetate: A  fiber spun from cellulose, from the cell walls of many plants. It is usually combined with other fibers to add a feel and appearance of formal wear. Acetate fabric is fast drying and wrinkle and shrink resistance.

Acknowledgments – Once a designer sends a supplier the work and supplies necessary for a job being proposed, the supplier sends back an acknowledgement as to how he interprets what the designer needs.

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